Ginseng root (Panax ginseng) is one of the most popular herbs in the world. It is believed to strengthen the immune system, increase energy levels, and help with memory and mental performance.
Studies have shown that American ginseng may help control diabetes and decrease the risk of heart disease. Other benefits include lowering stress, improving gastrointestinal disorders, and stimulating the brain.
One of the most essential benefits of ginseng root is that it helps strengthen the immune system. It does so by balancing and regulating the production of cytokines, small proteins that send signals to cells and control growth.
Ginseng has also been shown to have anticancer effects in human colorectal cancer cell studies. Steamed ginseng root prevented the proliferation of HCT-116 and SW-480 cancer cells.
A 2020 study found that people who took ginseng extract got fewer colds and flu infections than those who took a placebo. In addition, ginseng reduced the duration of cold and flu symptoms when they did occur.
Because it is less stimulating than Asian ginseng, American ginseng may be better for those with chronic stress and fatigue. However, it can interact with monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) medications like Parnate (tranylcypromine), Zelapar (selegiline), and Nardil (phenelzine), increasing the risk of side effects like anxiety, headache, rapid heart rate, and insomnia.
Researchers believe ginseng root helps boost heart health and prevents chronic inflammation, which can lead to many health problems. Several studies have shown that ginseng has anti-inflammatory properties and helps improve blood sugar levels, reduce cancer risk, and enhance immune system functions.
Ginseng is thought to help balance hormone levels in men and women. It may also improve erectile dysfunction, fight fatigue, and mental performance. Its ginsenosides help to strengthen the immune system, lower cholesterol, increase energy, and boost memory.
Ginseng can interact with some medications, including monoamine oxidase inhibitors like Nardil (phenelzine), Parnate (tranylcypromine), and Zelapar (selegiline). It may speed up the heart rate and cause anxiety and insomnia when taken with stimulant drugs or caffeine. It can also interact with diabetes medications and decrease the effectiveness of blood-clotting medicines such as Coumadin or Jantoven.
Ginseng is known for boosting energy levels and improving thinking processes. It is also a natural cure for chronic fatigue and can help fight stress, improve mood, and stimulate physical endurance. It is available as a dietary supplement in tea, extract, capsule, or powder form.
It has been shown to lower blood glucose and increase insulin sensitivity in diabetic patients. It may also have anticancer effects, with one laboratory study showing vigorous anti-proliferation activity against colorectal cancer cells.
Nevertheless, the way ginseng boosts energy is still under investigation, and standard doses have yet to be established. Its effect on blood pressure is complex; some studies find that it causes it to rise, while others show that it does the opposite. This is why it is essential to consult a doctor before taking it, especially if you have high blood pressure.
Ginseng root benefits include the ability to reduce stress by normalizing hormone secretion. Studies in humans have found that ginseng decreases stress markers and increases anti-inflammatory activity. (1)
One study in healthy males found that ginseng reduced exercise-induced muscle damage and increased protein synthesis and antioxidant enzyme activity. (2)
Other studies show that ginseng can help regulate blood sugar. In animal models, administering ginseng improved insulin resistance and decreased glucose and triglyceride levels. (3)
American ginseng may interact with medications that affect the blood, such as warfarin (Coumadin). It also has stimulant properties and can increase the effects of other stimulants, such as caffeine. It can also cause side effects such as jitters, a high heart rate, and insomnia if taken with certain antidepressant medications, including SSRIs and monoamine oxidase inhibitors like Nardil (phenelzine) or Zelapar (selegiline). (4)
Ginseng roots contain ginsenosides, saponins that have been shown to boost brain function and fight memory-related disorders. They may also help prevent or treat some health conditions.
One study found that ginseng reduces the number of colds and flu you get and helps your body respond better to a flu vaccine. Another study found that people who took a ginseng supplement had lower blood glucose levels and less mental fatigue.
The ginsenoside Rg1 has been shown to improve learning and memory in several animal models, including the passive avoidance and Morris water maze tests. It also improved learning and reduced the memory impairment induced by Alzheimer’s disease. Rg1 might also help prevent Alzheimer’s disease by reducing beta-amyloid accumulation and protecting neurons from oxidative stress.